Memecylon umbellatum ironwood tree kora kaha flower. John kirubakaran 2 1 department of pharmaceutics, school of pharmacy, asmara college of health sciences, asmara, eritrea, ne africa. Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activity of the leaves of memecylon umbellatum burm. Different parts of memecylon umbellatum were found infected during rainy season by fungi. Memecylon umbellatum, commonly known as ironwood, anjani tamil, malayalam or alli hindi, is a small tree found in india, the andaman islands and the coastal region of the deccan. To investigate the effect of these fungi on some of the basic metabolites like minerals and sugars, the present study was undertaken. Achur department of biochemistry, kuvempu university. A large shrub or small tree, up to 814m tall with amazing bright blue flowers that look almost unreal.
Pdf background reactive oxygen species play important roles in cell signaling and homeostasis which can induce a chain of reactions such as dna. Pdf occurrence of vivipary in memecylon umbellatum burm. Phytochemical screening of leaves of memecylon umbellatum. These are primarily included because names of species rank are synonyms of accepted infraspecific names. Media in category memecylon umbellatum the following 64 files are in this category, out of 64 total. Research article microscopic evaluation of leaves of. Nine samples of memecylon species were scrutinized by 20 rapd primers using the unweighted pair group method with arithmetic mean upgma. This page was machinegenerated by the program imao1. However, while studying the molecular taxonomy of the genus memecylon l. The kasavu plant, malam thetti or memycylon malabaricum is an evergreen shrub which grows in hilly and rocky areas. Names of piper umbellatum in various languages of the world are also given. The plant is used in the treatment of diabetes, herpes, gonorrhea, leucorrhea and skin diseases. The pdf file you selected should load here if your web browser has a pdf reader plugin installed for example, a recent version of adobe acrobat reader if you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with pdfs, highwire press provides a helpful frequently asked questions about pdfs alternatively, you can download the pdf file directly to your computer.
List of various diseases cured by piper umbellatum. For corrections or comments relating to specific images, please contact image contributors. Article pdf available in national academy science letters 391 december 2015 with 298 reads how we measure reads. Kora kaha blue mist tree memecylon umbellatum trees. Text is available under the creative commons attributionsharealike license. Pharmacognostic parameters for evaluation of the leaves and. If am not wrong it is kaasaan, memecylon umbellatum, called as kaasaan meaning lord krishna, owing to the flower colour in tamil. In the present study, we investigated the effect of selected australian medicinal plant extracts for. General information memecylon caeruleum is an evergreen, few to manybranched shrub or small tree, usually growing 3 6 metres tal, but occasionally reaching 12 metres. Other memecylon species used in traditional medicine in india including those reported as memecylon umbellatum, m. Antiinflammatory and antioxidant activities of memecylon. Correlations of the inhibitory activities with the total phenolic, total flavonoid and antioxidant activities were also examined.
An memecylon umbellatum in uska species han magnoliopsida nga ginhulagway ni nicolaas laurens nicolaus laurent burman. This name is unresolved the record derives from tropicos data supplied on 20120418 which does not establish this name either as an accepted name or as a synonym record 502382 further. Keywords sulphurflower buckwheat, eriogonum umbellatum, plant fact sheet, sulfurflower buckwheat, wild buckwheat, drought tolerant, shrub, forb, subshrub, pollinator, wildlife, landscaping. Sivu et alphytochemical, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of memecylon l. At the end, the process led to describe a new species of m. Puratchi kody 2 1 trichy college of pharmacy, trichy 620 009, india. Ironwood tree, kora kaha flower, delek air tree botanical name. Occurrence of vivipary in memecylon umbellatum burm. Estimation of tannins in different parts of memecylon umbellatum.
We do not intend the plant list to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Diversity of this group is concentrated in tropical africa, madagascar, sri lanka. This name is unresolved the record derives from tropicos data supplied on 20120418 which does not establish this name either as an accepted name or as a synonym record 502382. In vitro inhibitory activities of selected australian. Memecylon umbellatum showed a significant lowering of serum glucose levels in normal and alloxan induced diabetic mice17. Root extracts gymnadenia orchidis lindl facilitated. Kaya, kurrekaya, pandikaya tamil, blue mist english zone. The nhexane extract of the roots of memecylon umbellatum yielded, octocosonoic acid, cerotic acid, ethyl palmitate, palmitic acid and butyric acid. It is believed to be used as a clothe dye in the remote past. The structural elucidation of the isolated compounds was based on spectral data ir, 1h nmr, c nmr, and mass spectroscopy. Memecylon umbellatum international research journal of pharmacy.
Sulphurflower buckwheat \eriogonum umbellatum\ is a native, perennial subshrub that is used for erosion control, pollinator enhancements and landscaping. Flowers of india, forest flora of andhra pradesh file. Leaves opposite, ovateoblong, up to 10 x 5 cm, semi amplexicaul or subcordate at base, acute or subobtuse at apex. The alcoholic extract of the roots of memecylon umbellatum also showed a. Memecylon taxa have more than 600 published basionyms. Microscopic evaluation of leaves of memecylon umbellatum burm. How piper umbellatum is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Usda, ars, germplasm resources information network. An memecylon umbellatum in nahilalakip ha genus nga memecylon, ngan familia nga melastomataceae. Pdf wound healing activity of memecylon umbellatum burm. Uses, benefits, cures, side effects, nutrients in piper umbellatum. Estimation of sugars and minerals in healthy and infected. The present study focuses on the occurrence of vivipary in memecylon umbellatum and reports that vivipary in m.
Root extracts gymnadenia orchidis lindl facilitated rapid. Pdf the present study was aimed to evaluate the wound healing activity of alcoholic leaf extract of memecylon umbellatum burm melastomataceae. Memecylon caeruleum is an evergreen, few to manybranched shrub or small tree, usually growing 3 6 metres tal, but. The young and mature leaves were collected form semi evergreen forests of central western ghats. The present study includes antimicrobial activity of memecylon umbellatum alcoholic extract showed maximum antibacterial activity staphylococcus aureus. The results of the study indicated that memecylon umbellatum has interesting possibilities as a source of oral hypoglycemic agent. Melastomataceae is a small evergreen shrub or tree which grows up to 8.
Formerly yellow colour was extracted from the leaves of the plant. Memecylon umbellatum is a large evergreen shrub or a tree that usually grows from 8 15 metres tall372. The antioxidative potential of different solvent extracts of memecylon umbellatum leaves were. Green treatment of phosphate from wastewater using a porous. It figures as one of the 100 flowers offered to lord shiva in the famous tamil poet kapilars work kurinjip paatu. Return to the vascular plant image library entry page or search the library index. Kora kaha blue mist tree memecylon umbellatum trees in. The flavonoids quercetin, rutin and apigenin has been isolated from the roots of memecylon umbellatum and their structure were. Here we have collected healthy and infected leaves and bark samples from infected plants in rainy season julyaugust. Antimicrobial screening of leaves of memecylon umbellatum s satya, 1 k. Species 365 memecylon species are utilized world wide as timbers, ornamentals, source of edible fruits and yellow dye in addition to their medicinal properties3. Identification and genetic diversity analysis of memecylon. Identification and genetic diversity analysis of memecylon species using issr, rapd and genebased dna barcoding tools.
The antioxidative potential of different solvent extracts of memecylon umbellatum leaves were evaluated using 1,1diphenyl 2picryl hydroxyl dpph,hydroxyl radical, reducing ability the bht was used as standard, nitric oxide, chelating activity and. Achur department of biochemistry, kuvempu university, shankaraghatta, shimoga, karnataka 577451, india. Plants profile for hieracium umbellatum narrowleaf hawkweed. Request pdf flavonoids of memecylon umbellatum burm.
The leaves contain a yellow dye, a glucoside, which is used for dyeing the. Resultsphylogenetic analysis clearly distinguished memecylon malabaricum from memecylon wightii and memecylon umbellatum from memecylon edule and clades formed are in accordance with. The hot and cold extracts of leaves in different solvents namely. Small pdf file from the usgs tibouchina granulosa species image page from plants of hawaii hear tibouchina herbacea species image page from plants of. Subban murugesan, annamalai pannerselvam, arumugame chanemougame tangavelou assessment of cytotoxicity, antibacterial activity and phytochemical screening of ethanol extract of phyllanthus acidus l. Image source photo delek air tree, ironwood tree memecylon umbellatum, syn. Conclusiondata from the present study reveals that chloroplast psba. Initially yellow fruits turn red and finally black. Seeds germination within fruit in angiospermic plant is known as vivipary. Acknowledgments the authors thank the support from the national tsing hua university, industrial technology research institute, and ministry of science and technology, taiwan, under the contrast of most 1082917i007009. Pdf the medicinal value of memecylon umbellatum leaf extract. Memecylon caeruleum blue strawberry flowers memecylon edule, memecylon globiferum, memecylon pyrifolium ironwood tree, delek air memecylon ovatum, memecylon edule var.
It consists of 350400 species of small to mediumsized trees and shrubs occurring in the old world tropics. The leaves contain a yellow dye, a glucoside, which is used for dyeing the robes of. Issr and its analyses to assess genetic diversity and. Memecylon malabaricum welcome to pilikula nisarga dhama. The blue mist tree which is known as kora kaha by the locals has the scientific name of memecylon umbellatum. Memecylon talbotianum grouped in the same clade with high jaccard dissimilarity coefficient and bootstrap support. An memecylon in nahilalakip ha familia nga melastomataceae ilarom nga taxa. Kasavu flourishes on rocky soil and hedges on the hillocks. Memecylon umbellatum in the germplasm resources information network grin, u. The plant list includes a further 6 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus memecylon. Tannins are complex moieties produced by majority of plants as. Dec 30, 2015 seeds germination within fruit in angiospermic plant is known as vivipary. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
All methods can be found in the accompanying transparent methods supplemental file. Melastomataceae ironwood tree, phlong kin luuk, delek air origin. Dc 10, solanum lycopersicums 11 and prosopis farcta 12. The plant list includes 289 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus memecylon. Memecylon is a monophyletic group basal to the melastomataceae clade. Antimicrobial screening of leaves of memecylon umbellatum. Department of agriculture agricultural research service.1202 415 996 1354 755 905 265 990 405 1509 1353 387 72 710 888 1120 486 160 485 1122 1107 112 74 390 734 948 644 1156 494 178 1466 759 1122 477